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Various Advantages of Playing Online Casino Gambling

0 Comments April 30, 2022

Various Advantages of Playing Online Casino Gambling

When playing gambling, you must use real money as a bet, it’s just that the money is exchanged for chips. And when you win, you have to exchange all the chips again for real money. Likewise when playing online gambling, such as when playing on online casino sites. But when you play cockfighting gambling, it’s a different story because casino gambling has a different way of playing.

With the development of technology, offline gambling games are starting to be abandoned, not only online casino gambling, but also including fighting and other types of gambling. How come? Because playing online gambling provides a lot of advantages. Including gambling games that use tools or machines when playing, all of them are based on online gambling, for example online slots. Gambling games that require tools or machines have all been replaced by systems. So players simply press a button to play, no need to operate a gambling machine or tool.

Advantages of Playing on Online Casino Sites

Advantages of Playing on Online Casino Sites

The types of online casino gambling games that can be played remain diverse, so gambling players do not feel lost when not playing offline gambling. In addition, are there other advantages that make gambling players switch to online gambling? Of course!

Have easy access

Without the need to leave the house, you can already play many online casino gambling games. This is because you can access it via your smartphone or laptop at home, of course as long as you have an internet connection. To play gambling, all you need to do is join an online gambling agent, after that you can play gambling as usual.

Playing gambling just got easier

What is meant here is not making gambling games easier to win like you can win Sicbo online with just one try. You only need to be part of one online gambling agent, and in the online gambling agent you can play all types of existing gambling games.

Huge Offer Bonus

Well, this is an advantage that you cannot get when playing offline gambling. If you play online gambling, there are several types of bonuses that you can get. Even before playing gambling, you can get bonuses, for example, a new member bonus that you immediately get when the registration process is successful.

Easy to Win Casino Games

The good thing about playing online gambling is that you can find the types of games that suit you without the hassle. You can try every type of online gambling available by placing a minimum bet. Well, if you have limited capital then you don’t need to try or try any type of gambling game, here we will explain what casino games have a low level of difficulty, not as difficult as dragon tiger gambling baccarat.

Sot Machine Gambling

You don’t need to think much when playing slot machine gambling, because all you need to do is press the buttons that are already available. You are declared a winner if you manage to get 3 images with a certain combination.

Gambling Ceme

How to play ceme gambling in https://maxbet.top/ is similar to dominoqq, only it’s simpler. Each player will get 2 cards. For the ceme gambling game, each player will complain about the 2 cards they have. The player with the highest card value will be the winner.

Read more : 4 Benefits Of Playing Online Gambling

How to Maximize the Profits of a Trusted Online Casino

0 Comments April 28, 2022

How to Maximize the Profits of a Trusted Online Casino

If you are really interested in playing trusted online casino games, then you have to think about how you can maximize profits. There are many ways that you can actually do so that you can maximize profits in playing the game. As much as possible you have to find out and think about how you can have maximum ability in playing. In this way, this can be one of the keys to your success and victory in the game. This will provide you with many sources of great financial profit opportunities. In fact you can suddenly get a lot of money from the game.

Trusted Sites Many Fortunately

Trusted Sites Many Fortunately

It should be noted that why so far many have suggested that you join one of the trusted online gambling sites? The reason is because there are indeed many advantages and disadvantages that you can get and get. Apart from that, there are many other benefits and advantages that you can definitely get. Even so far, many have managed to get big profits from the games they do. Therefore as much as possible you should find out and find the right information.

How to Get Maximum Profit From Trusted Online Gambling

If you really want to get the maximum benefit from your decision to play at one of the trusted online gambling site WMCASINO , then you should be able to understand and understand very well what to do. Of course there are some important things that you need and must do to be able to get and get all of it. Some of the things you should do include the following:

  •     focus on one type of game first – the most important thing for you to do is focus on only one type of game. You have to do it to be able to play only one type of game and then try playing other games. This is so that you can then focus and be able to win easily in the game.
  •     take advantage of every bonus opportunity – then you are also advised to be able to take advantage of every bonus opportunity offered. If there are indeed many bonuses on offer, then you can maximize and take advantage of them all so that you can then get many and varied sources of income.
  •     learn how to win in playing – then you also have to be able to learn about easy ways to win in the online gambling game that you run. There are many collections of games available, but not all of them make it easy for you to win. Therefore you learn how to win easily with that game.
  •     Play more often – what you need to do next is where you should be able to play online casino more often. The more often you run the game, the greater your chances of being able to get and get a lot of benefits. Therefore please take sufficient time to be able to play the game either every day or every few days.
  •     Reading the enemy’s movements – what is no less useful is how to beat your opponent’s game. In fact, you can read the game from the various moves or techniques that your enemies use.
  •     Understanding the rules of the game – this method is very useful. Especially if you really want to. It is mandatory for players to first understand some of the rules in the game. Pay attention to what you should and should not do before you spin the online slot machine that you have.
  •     Practice playing online slots – indirectly, when you practice playing often, you will get the right technique in playing slots. The more you play, the more your playing skills will increase.

By relying on some of the ways and tricks above, to be able to maximize the benefits of trusted online gambling games is not a difficult thing. In fact, you can get it very easily and practically and there are many other online casino advantages that you can get. So please maximize all the opportunities that exist so you can get big profits.

Read more : 4 Benefits Of Playing Online Gambling

4 Benefits Of Playing Online Gambling

0 Comments April 7, 2022

4 Benefits Of Playing Online Gambling

Gambling is an activity where we risk our possessions such as money to other people for a certain activity. Gambling itself has existed for a long time and even still exists today even though the government has tried to quell this activity. The proof is that now there are gambling agents that have been counted because of the large number of them, making it even more difficult for the government to deal with them.

Online Gambling

What is Online Gambling?

Do you know what online gambling is? Online gambling is a form of gambling that you can play without having to face your gambling opponent. How come? Because with the help of the internet you can play gambling anywhere and anytime using your smartphone or computer which of course is already connected to the internet network. Therefore this game exists, because in order to be able to take advantage of the manual gambling that existed before.

Then how did online gambling emerge? This game may have arisen because of an incident in the past. As you know that gambling in Indonesia is strictly prohibited by the issuance of this law. However, in the 1998 era, the government promoted this, causing a lot of gamblers to gain from gambling online. Since that day gambling has decreased. However, because technology is increasingly advanced, it makes people rack their brains and finally find a way to play again, namely by creating online gambling games.

Benefits of Playing Online Gambling

Because more and more gambling agents appear every day so that many people also start playing online gambling, one of the trusted ones is PGsoft. Although this game is considered negative by some, it actually has benefits that you may not think about. What are the benefits? You can check below.

1. Can Train Thinking Power

The first benefit that you can get if you play online gambling is that you can improve and train your brain’s thinking power. Why? Because if you often play gambling, especially gambling that requires you to think about the strategy you will use, such as poker or domino gambling. By playing the game often, it can certainly improve the thinking ability of your brain.

2. Train To Be Patient

The second benefit is that you can use online gambling as a means of training your patience. This can happen when you play gambling such as online poker, if you feel you already have a good card then you don’t rush to finish it. Because you have to pay close attention to the cards that already exist and also estimate the cards your opponent has so that it won’t be a disaster because you are too hasty to finish the game.

3. Allows You to Profit

Another benefit is that you can make a profit. If you choose a trusted gambling agent, then you can get this advantage if you have enough ability to win the game. Because it’s useless if you have the ability but play at an untrusted agent, because usually your game will be manipulated by them.

4. Makes You Practice Lust

What does this benefit have to do with gambling? Don’t get me wrong, it turns out that gambling can also practice this. Because usually people who have played gambling and continue to experience wins will continue to play and will not stop because they feel they will be able to win the game. But you need to be careful because usually this will be right when you fall on defeat. You should have to regulate your lust so you know when to stop.

The characteristics of a trusted online gambling site

0 Comments March 1, 2022
The characteristics of a trusted online gambling site

In the era of the internet, which is increasingly developing, there are currently many fake sites that make the Indonesian people restless. There are also people who look like gambling bosses, but in fact they take the bet money that has been given. For that reason, online betting lovers must be careful in choosing a boss and only play on the number one site. Because if you play on a trusted website such as sbobetcasino, you can play without being confused and have to be deceived and of course you can make online gambling as additional income. To avoid becoming a victim of irresponsible city fraud, the following are more or less tips for choosing a trusted bookie, including:

Authenticity letter of online betting site

Before you play online gambling, make sure that you get enough information about the boss where you are playing. There is some information that you can collect such as payment instructions or testimonials from members who have played there. If an online betting site has evidence of this, it can be a significant point if they are the number one bookie. casino gambling agent, deposit credit slots

Have a contact person

Have a contact person

One trusted online gambling site are those who are cruel to display people directly on their site. Why is that? According to our explanation this becomes very meaningful because it has useful uses. For example, if you have problems or questions about the web or games. Can be asked directly through the contact person provided. What are the contact persons? What is currently very popular is whatshap and also live chat.

Have Proof of Transfer

Of course, if a trusted website has a lot of transactions on it, these sites certainly have members who make withdrawals or deposits to their site every day. You can ask for proof of transfer to the contact person available on the web. If the website you are asking for has many reasons and does not want to provide evidence, then you should be suspicious of this site.

Observing Site Rating

Before playing, it’s a good idea to look for or join an online gambling community on Facebook, Instagram or Twitter. You can ask and see the rating of the site that you will later choose for the game place. Usually trusted sites have a rating than Google which is displayed when you search for the brand of the site. The higher the rating of the site, the more reliable it is.

Well, from the four instructions above you can make similar considerations in choosing a site that will become your trusted site. We must be careful and selective in choosing trusted sites. Of course, you don’t plan to become one of the victims of online gambling sites that only ride the internet for freedom. Hopefully this article is of value to you. Happy Jackpot.

Read Also: Choosing and Knowing Pragmatic Play Slots Online.

Corona Crisis Increases the Risk of Online Gambling Addiction

0 Comments January 4, 2022
Increases the Risk of Online Gambling Addiction

As the coronavirus pandemic halted all major sports competitions, betting companies are now hunting for customers on the internet. Online gambling is on the rise, experts warn of the dangers of addiction.

Sports betting has existed for a long time in many forms, all oriented towards the outcome of sports competitions. But what if all major sporting events are canceled due to the Covid-19 pandemic?

Most betting companies immediately reacted and rushed into the virtual world, sharpening competition with online betting companies that have been operating for a long time. There are various forms of betting offered: virtual sports matches, bingo games, poker, to virtual casinos.

The situation is dangerous for those with potential gambling addictions , say experts and activists working on tackling addiction. “It’s been a terrible storm,” said James Grimes, a recovering gambling addict who now campaigns against advertising on sports betting through his organization The Big Step.

“For people who don’t usually gamble, they may see gambling as merely entertainment to fill a void. But there are also many people who are financially affected. Gambling advertisements create the wrong impression that gambling is a great way to make quick money. ,” James Grimes told DW.

Gambling online

Increase rapidly

Many governments and health authorities are now observing the rapid increase in online gambling and betting. The Belgian government recently tightened the rules for online betting by announcing a deposit limit of €500 a week. But that rule can only be applied to local betting site managers. The Spanish government imposed a limit on gambling advertisements that were only allowed to run on a four-hour window, between 1 and 5 in the morning. Latvia has banned online gambling until the social restrictions are lifted.

However, it is not easy to limit online gambling. Sources working in the field say the shift to virtual and skill-based casino games such as poker and backgammon has accelerated almost worldwide.

A recent study by the UK Gambling Commission found that 1.2 per cent of people who gamble have serious problems. For online gambling, that figure is even higher, at 2.5 percent.

Online betting companies are also getting more creative. Bet365, one of the world’s largest betting sites, for example shows a virtual football match between the fictional Chelsea Pensioners and the Manchester Blues. People can bet on the result of the match, number of goals, first team to score, etc.

Gambling can cause mental problems

The fictional football match was generated by a computer http://139.99.93.175/ and lasted only three minutes. So bettors now don’t have to wait 90 minutes for the football match to end as usual. After the match ends three minutes, the next match starts immediately, and people can bet again. Experts warn that addiction is also influenced by how often a person gambles. With the business model of a three-minute fictitious football match, the threat of addiction is even higher.

In early April, nearly 5 million people watched Britain’s ITV Virtual Grand National broadcast. Profits from the virtual match reached US$3.3 million and were donated to the UK’s National Health Service (NHS).

Betting companies and gaming companies often highlight their role and contribution to sporting and social activities. They also donate funds to addiction prevention programs. But in times of lockdown in many places, James Grimes fears there will be a new wave of addiction.

Although there are no statistics that directly calculate the impact of gambling addiction, experts say, in addition to bankruptcy, gambling addiction also often results in mental problems to suicide.

If you are interested on gambling online and want to play it, better to check this article first : Thing You Should Know When Choosing Gambling Site

Trick To Know Bot Poker In Gambling Site

0 Comments March 25, 2021

Trick To Know Bot Poker In Gambling Site

Are you aware that currently many online poker players are cheating? Among the forms of cheating is using bots. Well, this time the author will discuss how the most powerful trick to beat bots in the game. As is well known, the online poker game system is very different from the offline game pattern. So that there is no observation of movement, face, and emotions.

Because of this, players can only feel every step they take. In other words, rely on card rounds and betting luck. Therefore they are competing to find the best poker playing site or platform that has major credibility. Because that way the game flow is maintained 100% fair play.

Nonetheless, the existence of poker bots in the game remains worrying. Apart from being difficult to detect, not all players are able to master online playing patterns perfectly. Given that these poker players are generally a transition from offline to online bettor. So that they can only briefly play their favorite online betting game, they can’t get to know more about online-based things.

Meanwhile, poker bots will continue to haunt their game all the time. Where this play bot is indeed needed to disguise itself as a real player in a game. The presence of bots is a frightening specter for many poker agents, given the massive violation of fair play rules. How it works is also difficult to see, because it uses special software to trick the game.

Then How Can We Recognize the Existence of a Poker Bot?

Then How Can We Recognize the Existence of a Poker Bot

First of all, commercially available bot plays are generally created using the mode feature to trick website software. But now many poker sites have implemented an extra protection system to prevent bots.

On the other hand, bot play in poker can make huge profits from its crimes. It should be noted, however, that a play bot can generate thousands of dollars from the cheating wins it creates. This loss is of course very painful for the original players. With bots in a room, they cannot play naturally because bots are hard to beat.

However, currently the idn poker online game developers like http://69.16.224.147/ in Indonesia have created an antidote to bot activity. They set up a special security team to scan the activity on the site. From this monitoring, the site will immediately kick any suspicious action in the game. Therefore, as an official online poker player, you need to take certain steps to get around the existence of a poker bot. Do everything you can to avoid the harm caused against them.

Did you know that a real player can kick a video bot game out of the game with the perfect strategy. And with good skill, the game will turn in the favor of the player. One way is to play in pot limit and no limit poker. In this way you can get more significant benefits because bot players have limitations playing on this system. Besides that, you can also play at a table with 5-6 players. This table can give you an advantage against bots. But most importantly, play only on trusted site agents because they will not stand idly by if their site is visited by bots.

The advantages of playing online slot gambling

0 Comments February 17, 2021

The advantages of playing online slot gambling

Online gambling games are one of the activities that are considered to be the most popular and popular among today. Of course, this is because soccer gambling is able to provide benefits, both from a financial perspective and in terms of inner satisfaction when winning the match.

And for those of you who want to play soccer gambling online, it’s a good idea to choose a trustworthy soccer gambling place on userbolavip. Some soccer gambling agents do offer attractive advantages, but don’t make the wrong choice because not all of them can be trusted in order to avoid unwanted things such as winning money that is not disbursed and also unsuitable offers like certain sites.

Rich Tips From Online Gambling

Want to be rich but are still often lazy? Surely that can only be a hope that will never come true. Being a person wallowing in wealth, at least there are many things we can do. The first time, we have to work super hard everyday. Or maybe with the 2nd step, namely by joining and playing online slot gambling with us. Then which one do you choose?

Of course some of you will choose smart work. And in this place there is one step that you can take easily. Work smart together with the most trusted and safe casino slot gambling site. Here you can play several types of online gambling online. And with the online game scheme there are at least two advantages that you can experience.

Security and Comfort Guaranteed

When we play slot gambling in the village or at the closest club, therefore the important opponents are the law and the security apparatus. This is because in essence, gambling is a game that is illegal by law.
But if you play slot gambling online, because of that the law cannot touch. Why is that? Because all these game transactions are carried out via the internet and there is no ITE law that can withstand it. In practice, you don’t violate the rules or make people lose because everything is done voluntarily.

Not only is it guaranteed to be safe, playing online soccer gambling is very comfortable because it is not limited by anything. In fact, you can play whenever and wherever you want. It is enough only with a smartphone and the internet, you can play this soccer gambling game.

In addition, there are various service features that you can enjoy as a form of support from several websites for each member. One of them is an online customer service that is ready to serve all your questions 24 hours a day.

So those of you who are still laymen don’t need to worry because here you can start learning to improve your skills around soccer gambling. So, those are some of the reviews about the most trusted soccer gambling in Indonesia. Hopefully this will be useful for all of you readers and don’t be wrong to choose a place where you will place an online bet.

Abundant Bonuses and Attractive Promos

If you register as a member of online slot gambling, then you will get lots of interesting bonuses and promos. For new members, you can get a cashback bonus for every deposit transaction.
Even if you invite a friend to register for online 24 hour slot gambling, you also have the potential to get unlimited profits. Because the more you invite friends, the bigger the bonus you get.

Mistakes to Avoid When Playing Online Poker Gambling

0 Comments December 19, 2020

Mistakes to Avoid When Playing Online Poker Gambling

Being in a world that has such rapid technological developments, we must continue to be able to keep up with it. With the existing conveniences, of course we cannot escape the role of technology. For example, in gambling games that have developed so rapidly. Where in the past people played gambling at casinos, now because technology is developing very rapidly and humans also continue to think, aka innovate, online gambling appears on the internet.

Now we can enjoy playing online gambling. There are many types of online gambling on the internet. So that it makes it easier for gambling players to determine which gambling game to play. But the gambling game that is currently considered the newest and most popular is from online poker gambling. This poker gambling is already at the poker gambling agent. Which agent of this gambling also provides prizes in the form of cellphone credit. And of course, it is very interesting to try online gambling lovers.

This pulse online poker gambling can be enjoyed at trusted gambling agents that have this system. But now you need to be aware of online poker gambling offers that are played using credit. Actually, this offer also exists, but not many people know if there are several parties who use this opportunity to set a trap. Therefore, you must be more selective and also careful when choosing a gambling agent.

Mistakes That Are Often Made When Playing Online Poker Gambling

Poker Mistake

There are many mistakes that gambling players often make. Because of this mistake, gambling players are usually very difficult to win bets. This time we will discuss the mistakes you don’t need to make to be able to get credit prizes in online poker gambling that you don’t know about.

Too easy to get emotional

This is indeed a characteristic of everyone, so preventing it is not very effective either. So there must be awareness of yourself first to be able to stop this emotion. Maybe the emotions are the result of the playing process not going according to the original plan. The closest thing is that we feel disappointed with the end result obtained.
We become defeated with little loss which makes us emotional easily. It’s better to play with constant emotional control, if you don’t want to lose a lot, you also don’t need to bet a lot of capital. If you don’t want to get emotional, then do the last point.

Give up too often

This time is also almost the same as number 1. If you really have a goal in playing online gambling, you shouldn’t just give up before trying everything to win. If you give up, the struggle that has been done so far will be futile and will not produce anything. Eliminate that word when playing online gambling, never be afraid to make decisions, if you believe then do it.

That way, you will feel very happy because through this online poker gambling with a firm stance. Finally, with this stance, no one can stop your belief.

Does not have a winning target

Playing online gambling, what you must emphasize before playing is to make a winning target. If you have a target, of course we will keep trying our best to get the victory. Targets are very important in gambling games, especially online poker gambling using credit. So before playing, you have to plan the victory you want to achieve.

So that you will struggle very hard when playing gambling, because you will remember the words of enthusiasm that are so hard. So you will not easily forget the target to play.

Those are some of the mistakes that we all often make when playing online poker gambling site, I hope your day will be more enjoyable with the tips and some information that we have provided. Thank you for taking the time to read our article. Hopefully there are no more mistakes. Do well. You will always get luck.

How to Analyze the Most Trusted Official Online Football Gambling Site in Indonesia

0 Comments December 8, 2020

How to Analyze the Most Trusted Official Online Football Gambling Site in Indonesia

Football matches are the most exciting and profitable online gambling objects. How to play soccer betting is quite easy at the best soccer agent, each participant just needs to invest in then predict the number of scores that will be generated or predict the winning team. Playing soccer gambling games or online C-sports will not be easy without the help of a trusted website, so look for official online soccer gambling sites to protect them from fraud when betting is taking place. Since it is played online, players need a place like the web or an application to place capital to try to get results from bets.

The website is a place to place bets online, each player does not need to be afraid of being cheated when placing landlines, now there is the best facilitator who is the place to place bets. Just fill in the registration column then do the registration, make sure all the fields are filled with accurate data so that the process is fast. After registration is complete, players can use the web or application to select the ball market. Each website provides at least 8 markets for C-sport, including the Asian handicap, mix parlay, odd-even, over-under, first half, correct score, and many more.

Make soccer gambling a source of income that is easy to play with the Terms and Conditions for Becoming the Best and Most Trusted Online Togel Member, do every procedure so that this game can generate very much profit. Choose a genuine facilitator that is not fake so that the betting process does not suffer losses. Make sure the site of your choice guarantees all your needs so that betting becomes smoother.

Official Online Football Gambling Site Functions And Easy Ways To Find Them

Official Online Football Gambling Site Functions And Easy Ways To Find Them

In addition to facilitating betting, the web is a place for transactions before playing the game, each player is required to place an amount of money on the site starting from USD. 10 to USD50 after installing then all markets can be chosen randomly. Each participant must consider predictions before playing, so check the information on the soccer betting market so that the guess is even more sure. Later the exchange will show you the right league and team to play the game online.

Ideally, a website for playing games must have complete services, starting from betting and transaction services. The games provided must also come from large providers such as Sbobet or judi online maxbet. In the world of sbobet, it is widely known for successfully obtaining a license from PAGCOR, the company has developed casino betting, sports, agile, cockfight, and many more. In addition to a license from PAGCOR, players will get services such as safe betting, large profit values, and entertainment to play sports.

The official soccer online gambling site must be a quality place to place bets anytime and anywhere. Players can claim profits smoothly and without deductions, not only that, each participant gets the opportunity to play anywhere and anytime using the application. Even though many offer the best service, try to join the official website at least you are guaranteed security. The increasing number of websites that can be selected to support the game is a little confusing for players, but by applying web quality standards when choosing you can avoid fake sites. Choose a site that collaborates with the sbobet platform so that gaming is free from system and service disturbances.

Take advantage and enrich your experience by joining trusted facilitators who have collaborations with official companies such as sbobet, maxbet, and many more. Choose an official online soccer gambling site to choose the right bet.

Perkembangan Judi Online Selama Masa Pandemic

0 Comments November 13, 2020

Perkembangan Judi Online Selama Masa Pandemic

Pandemi novel coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) berdampak besar pada sebagian besar masyarakat di seluruh dunia termasuk pembatalan dan penundaan acara olahraga. Ini berdampak besar pada industri taruhan olahraga. Studi ini adalah yang pertama menyelidiki perilaku sampel petaruh olahraga online sebelum dan sesudah tindakan COVID-19 diberlakukan oleh pemerintah Eropa. Penulis diberi akses ke data pemain oleh operator perjudian online besar Eropa yang terdiri dari pemain dari Swedia, Jerman, Finlandia, dan Norwegia. Perubahan perilaku petaruh olahraga sebelum 7 Maret dan setelah 7 Maret (2020) telah dihitung. Semua petaruh olahraga yang memasang setidaknya satu taruhan dalam setidaknya 5 minggu kalender dari 10 kemungkinan minggu kalender antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret (n = 5396) dimasukkan dalam analisis. Hasil menunjukkan penurunan yang signifikan secara statistik di antara petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh di kasino online. Ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada konversi uang yang dihabiskan dari taruhan olahraga ke permainan kasino online, setidaknya untuk operator perjudian online tertentu ini. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa ada penurunan signifikan dalam jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan oleh petaruh olahraga selama pandemi COVID-19 (dibandingkan dengan sebelumnya) dan bahwa petaruh olahraga tidak beralih untuk memainkan lebih banyak permainan kasino online dan ada juga yang signifikan. pengurangan bermain game kasino online di antara petaruh olahraga.

Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (2020) menyatakan wabah novel coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) sebagai pandemi pada 11 Maret (2020) (Cucinotta dan Vanelli 2020). Pandemi COVID-19 telah berdampak besar pada sebagian besar masyarakat di seluruh dunia karena cara pemerintah menerapkan kebijakan untuk menghambat penyebaran virus (misalnya, karantina, jarak spasial, penguncian nasional, pelarangan acara di mana sejumlah besar individu berkumpul, dll. .) (Pakpour dan Griffiths 2020). Salah satu konsekuensi dari tindakan pengamanan ini adalah penundaan atau pembatalan hampir semua acara olahraga profesional secara global sejak awal hingga pertengahan Maret 2020 dan seterusnya (misalnya, pembatalan liga sepak bola (sepak bola) di negara-negara seperti Belgia dan Prancis, penundaan liga sepak bola di negara-negara seperti Inggris dan Jerman, penundaan Olimpiade Tokyo 2020 di Jepang, pembatalan acara tenis besar seperti Wimbledon di Inggris).

Pembatalan dan penundaan acara olahraga di Eropa (dan di tempat lain) berdampak besar pada industri taruhan olahraga. Regulator dan pakar bisnis telah berspekulasi tentang bagaimana para pemain bereaksi terhadap fakta bahwa mereka tidak lagi dapat bertaruh pada permainan olahraga. Beberapa regulator, pembuat kebijakan, dan organisasi perawatan telah berspekulasi di media massa bahwa individu akan lebih banyak berjudi online karena terkunci dan menghabiskan begitu banyak kehidupan sehari-hari mereka di rumah dan di dalam ruangan (Davis 2020). Kelompok individu yang sama juga bertanya-tanya apakah petaruh olahraga (yang tidak dapat bertaruh pada acara olahraga) dapat beralih ke perjudian pada jenis aktivitas lain (misalnya, permainan kasino online) sebagai alternatif. Memanfaatkan data pelacakan perilaku, penelitian ini adalah yang pertama menyelidiki perilaku sampel petaruh olahraga online sebelum dan sesudah tindakan COVID-19 diberlakukan oleh pemerintah Eropa.

Data pelacakan perilaku semakin banyak digunakan untuk tujuan penelitian di bidang studi perjudian (Griffiths 2020). Penggunaan data berbasis akun dibandingkan dengan metodologi lain (seperti survei dan eksperimen laporan mandiri) memiliki banyak keuntungan termasuk data obyektif (dibandingkan dengan data laporan mandiri yang tunduk pada banyak bias metode umum seperti keinginan sosial dan ingatan ingatan ) dan fakta bahwa ukuran sampel biasanya jauh lebih besar dalam ribuan atau puluhan ribu (misalnya, Auer dan Griffiths 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020; Braverman dkk. 2013; Braverman dan Shaffer 2012; Broda dkk. 2008; Dragicevic dkk. 2015; LaBrie dkk.2008, LaPlante dkk. 2009; Leino dkk. 2015, 2017; Nelson dkk. 2008; Sagoe dkk. 2018; Xuan dan Shaffer 2009).

metode

metode

Penulis diberi akses ke data pemain oleh operator perjudian online Eropa yang besar. Para pemainnya berasal dari Swedia, Jerman, Finlandia, dan Norwegia, dan penulis melakukan analisis sekunder. Perubahan perilaku petaruh olahraga sebelum 7 Maret dan setelah 7 Maret (2020) telah dihitung. Untuk memilih petaruh olahraga reguler, penulis memilih semua petaruh olahraga yang memasang setidaknya satu taruhan dalam setidaknya 5 minggu kalender dari 10 kemungkinan minggu kalender antara 1 Januari (2020) dan 7 Maret (2020). Ini menghasilkan sampel 5396 petaruh olahraga. Jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan pada acara olahraga dan permainan kasino online sebelum dan sesudah 7 Maret (2020) telah dihitung.

Portofolio produk terdiri dari taruhan olahraga dan permainan kasino online. Data pelacakan perilaku tersedia untuk periode 4 bulan dari 1 Januari (2020) hingga 30 April (2020). Dataset memungkinkan penulis untuk mengidentifikasi pemain yang bertaruh pada olahraga atau bermain game kasino online. Penulis menghitung jumlah pemain taruhan olahraga aktif serta total taruhan harian di semua pemain taruhan olahraga untuk setiap hari antara 1 Januari dan 30 April (2020). Para penulis menganalisis data antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret sebelum pandemi COVID-19 dan data antara 7 Maret dan 20 April selama pandemi COVID-19. Penulis menggunakan tes McNemar untuk membandingkan perubahan dalam partisipasi perjudian sebelum dan sesudah COVID-19. Hasil tes McNemar dalam statistik uji chi-square dan diterapkan untuk perbandingan ukuran berulang dengan data kategori (Caronni dan Sciumè 2017).

Hasil

Hasil

Gambar 1 menampilkan rangkaian waktu dari jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan harian dan jumlah harian pemain aktif. Rangkaian waktu menunjukkan bahwa jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan tertinggi dan jumlah pemain harian tertinggi dari 1 Januari hingga 10 Maret (2020) selalu pada hari Sabtu (yaitu, lonjakan tertinggi pada Gambar 1). Lonjakan terakhir yang berada di kisaran yang sebelumnya terjadi pada 7 Maret, dan setelah itu, ada penurunan cepat dalam jumlah pemain aktif serta jumlah total uang yang dipertaruhkan. Tindakan isolasi sosial akibat pandemi COVID-19 dimulai di berbagai negara Eropa sekitar waktu ini.

Karena itu, perubahan perilaku petaruh olahraga sebelum 7 Maret dan setelah 7 Maret (2020) dihitung. Untuk memilih petaruh olahraga reguler, penulis memilih semua pemain yang memasang setidaknya satu taruhan dalam setidaknya 5 minggu kalender dari 10 kemungkinan minggu kalender antara 1 Januari (2020) dan 7 Maret (2020). Ini menghasilkan sampel 5396 petaruh olahraga. Jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan pada acara olahraga dan permainan kasino online sebelum dan sesudah 7 Maret (2020) telah dihitung.

Tabel 1 menunjukkan berbagai olahraga dan statistik spesifik taruhan kasino online untuk petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh pada olahraga dalam 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, atau 10 minggu berbeda antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret. Baris kedua Tabel 1 melaporkan persentase pemain yang juga pemain kasino online aktif antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret. Misalnya, tiga perempat dari petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh pada olahraga dalam 5 dari 10 minggu kalender antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret juga memainkan permainan kasino online dalam periode waktu yang sama (76%). Baris ketiga melaporkan persentase petaruh olahraga yang juga bermain permainan kasino online antara 7 Maret dan 30 April. Misalnya, sekitar dua pertiga petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh pada olahraga dalam 5 dari 10 minggu kalender antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret. juga memainkan permainan kasino online antara 7 Maret dan 30 April (60%).

Perubahan antara dua persentase (petaruh olahraga yang bermain permainan kasino online sebelum dan sesudah 7 Maret) menunjukkan penurunan yang signifikan secara statistik dalam taruhan di antara petaruh olahraga dalam permainan kasino online untuk keenam grup. Nilai chi-square dan p -values ​​dari tes McNemar masing-masing untuk enam kelompok adalah sebagai berikut: taruhan olahraga selama 5 minggu kalender terpisah, χ2 = 83,59, p <0,001; 6 minggu, χ2 = 56,99, p <0,001, 7 minggu, χ2 = 45,66, p <0,001; 8 minggu, χ2 = 18,04, p <0,001; 9 minggu, χ2 = 13,32, p <0,001; dan 10 minggu, χ2 = 5.05, p = 0.025. Tabel 1 juga melaporkan rasio antara jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan per petaruh olahraga dalam permainan kasino online setelah 7 Maret dibandingkan dengan sebelum 7 Maret. Rata-rata taruhan per pemain dalam permainan kasino online adalah 54% setelah 7 Maret dibandingkan dengan sebelum 7 Maret untuk olahraga. petaruh yang bertaruh dalam 5 dari 10 minggu kalender sebelum 7 Maret. Petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh di setiap minggu kalender sebelum 7 Maret menghasilkan 97% dari taruhan dalam permainan kasino online setelah 7 Maret dibandingkan dengan sebelum 7 Maret.

Tabel 2 melaporkan metrik yang sama seperti Tabel 1. Namun, di sini petaruh olahraga telah diklasifikasikan menjadi sepuluh kelompok berukuran sama sesuai dengan jumlah yang dipertaruhkan pada olahraga antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret. Kelompok 1 terdiri dari petaruh olahraga dengan jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan terendah selama periode waktu itu, dan grup 10 terdiri dari petaruh olahraga dengan jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan tertinggi dalam periode waktu itu. Mirip dengan Tabel 1, persentase petaruh olahraga yang memainkan permainan kasino online menunjukkan penurunan yang signifikan secara statistik dalam taruhan di antara petaruh olahraga di semua sepuluh grup setelah 7 Maret, dibandingkan dengan periode waktu sebelum 7 Maret. Sepuluh nilai chi-square dan p nilai dari tes McNemar masing-masing adalah sebagai berikut: kelompok 1, χ2 = 12,34, p <0,001; kelompok 2, χ2 = 16,44, p <0,001; kelompok 3 χ2 = 22,48, p <0,001; kelompok 4 χ2 = 12,99 p = 0,0003; kelompok 5 χ2 = 23,47, p <0,0001; kelompok 6 χ2 = 28,84, p <0,0001; kelompok 7 χ2 = 22,36, p <0,0001; kelompok 8 χ2 = 42,17, p <0,0001; kelompok 9 χ2 = 13,51, p = 0,0002; dan kelompok 10 χ2 = 11,82, p = 0,0005. Tabel 2 juga melaporkan rasio antara jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan per petaruh olahraga dalam permainan kasino online setelah 7 Maret dibandingkan dengan sebelum 7 Maret untuk masing-masing dari sepuluh kelompok intensitas petaruh olahraga. Jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan per petaruh olahraga dalam permainan kasino online di grup 1 adalah 60% setelah 7 Maret dibandingkan dengan sebelum 7 Maret.

Diskusi

Studi ini menyelidiki perilaku perjudian kasino online dari petaruh olahraga operator perjudian online Eropa sebelum dan selama pandemi COVID-19. Hasil dengan jelas menunjukkan bahwa jumlah aktif harian petaruh olahraga dan jumlah yang dipertaruhkan pada olahraga menurun secara signifikan sekitar 10 Maret (lihat Gbr. 1). Setelah tanggal ini, aktivitas taruhan olahraga adalah proporsi yang jauh lebih kecil dari sebelumnya. Tabel 1 dan 2 menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar sampel petaruh olahraga juga memainkan permainan kasino online sebelum COVID-19 antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret. Artinya, sebagian besar petaruh olahraga (> 70%) juga merupakan pemain kasino online selama periode ini. .

Penulis pertama-tama mengklasifikasikan petaruh olahraga menurut jumlah minggu berbeda dengan setidaknya satu taruhan. Pemain harus bertaruh setidaknya dalam 5 dari 10 kemungkinan minggu kalender sebelum 7 Maret (2020) untuk ditetapkan sebagai petaruh olahraga reguler. Di semua grup, persentase petaruh olahraga yang memainkan permainan kasino online secara signifikan lebih rendah setelah 7 Maret dibandingkan dengan sebelum 7 Maret. Ini berarti bahwa tidak hanya pemain yang bertaruh lebih sedikit pada olahraga (sebagian besar acara telah dibatalkan pada 7 Maret), tetapi mereka juga lebih sedikit bertaruh pada permainan kasino online. Ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada konversi uang yang dikeluarkan dari taruhan olahraga ke kasino online, setidaknya untuk operator perjudian online tertentu ini.

Perbedaan terendah antara persentase pemain kasino online sebelum dan setelah 7 Maret terjadi pada warna merah di antara dua kelompok petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh selama 9 dari 10 minggu kalender dan 10 minggu kalender. Persentase petaruh olahraga yang memainkan permainan kasino online sebelum 7 Maret adalah 78% dan setelah 7 Maret adalah 71% untuk mereka yang bertaruh dalam 9 minggu kalender. Persentase petaruh olahraga yang memainkan permainan kasino online sebelum 7 Maret adalah 79% dan setelah 7 Maret adalah 76% untuk mereka yang bertaruh dalam 10 minggu kalender. Kedua perbedaan itu signifikan secara statistik, tetapi memiliki signifikansi yang lebih rendah daripada petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh hanya dalam 5 minggu kalender. Persentase masing-masing untuk mereka yang hanya bertaruh dalam 5 dari 10 minggu kalender adalah 76% sebelum 7 Maret dan 60% setelah 7 Maret.

Meskipun perjudian kasino online tidak menjadi lebih sering, tampaknya petaruh olahraga yang lebih sering juga mempertahankan perjudian kasino online mereka, sedangkan petaruh olahraga yang lebih jarang cenderung berhenti berjudi sama sekali. Kesimpulan ini tidak berlaku untuk intensitas perjudian taruhan olahraga. Tabel 2 menunjukkan sepuluh kelompok penjudi olahraga menurut jumlah taruhan antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret. Perubahan persentase perjudian kasino online serupa di semua kelompok intensitas. Petaruh olahraga yang lebih intens tampaknya tidak memainkan permainan kasino online lebih atau lebih jarang ketika taruhan olahraga tidak tersedia selama pandemi COVID-19. Anda dapat mencoba memilih situs judi terbesar agenmaxbet.

Rasio jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan pada permainan kasino online per pemain sebelum dan sesudah 7 Maret juga dihitung. Tabel 1 dengan jelas menunjukkan bahwa petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh selama lebih banyak minggu tidak menurunkan jumlah rata-rata yang dipertaruhkan sebanyak petaruh olahraga yang bertaruh selama lebih sedikit minggu. Taruhan rata-rata petaruh olahraga yang paling sering (bertaruh dalam 10 minggu kalender) rata-rata taruhan kasino setelah 7 Maret adalah 97% dari rata-rata taruhan kasino sebelum 7 Maret. Di sisi lain, persentase yang sama adalah 57% untuk petaruh olahraga yang hanya memasang taruhan selama 5 minggu kalender. Ini berarti bahwa jumlah rata-rata uang yang dipertaruhkan oleh petaruh olahraga di permainan kasino online tetap sama. Ini tidak diamati sehubungan dengan intensitas moneter dalam taruhan olahraga. 10% petaruh olahraga dengan jumlah taruhan tertinggi antara 1 Januari dan 7 Maret tidak menambah atau mengurangi jumlah yang dipertaruhkan lebih dari kelompok intensitas lainnya. Tidak ada hubungan yang jelas antara jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan pada taruhan olahraga dan perubahan dalam jumlah rata-rata yang dipertaruhkan dalam permainan kasino online.

Studi ini mencakup beberapa keterbatasan yang harus dipertimbangkan saat menafsirkan temuan. Pertama, hasil penelitian ini berasal dari data dari basis pemain tunggal operator perjudian online Eropa yang terdiri dari empat negara Eropa (Swedia, Norwegia, Finlandia, dan Jerman). Basis pemain operator perjudian online ini berasal dari negara tertentu, dan pemain dari negara lain mungkin telah bertaruh secara berbeda selama penguncian COVID-19 dan kurangnya acara olahraga untuk dipertaruhkan. Kedua, tidak diketahui totalitas perilaku perjudian di kalangan peserta karena dataset hanya mencakup perilaku perjudian peserta di operator perjudian online khusus ini. Ketiga, ada kemungkinan bahwa beberapa akun mungkin telah digunakan oleh lebih dari satu penjudi (misalnya, suami dan istri atau ayah dan anak laki-laki) meskipun jumlah kejadiannya cenderung rendah. Keempat, kumpulan data studi diperoleh dari periode waktu dari Januari hingga April 2020 (inklusif). Karena penguncian sebagai akibat dari pandemi COVID-19 masih aktif di banyak negara pada 30 April (dan sebagian besar acara olahraga masih ditunda atau dibatalkan), petaruh olahraga mungkin sudah mulai memainkan permainan kasino lebih intens setelah 30 April.

Temuan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara kurangnya acara taruhan olahraga untuk dipertaruhkan oleh para penjudi dan peningkatan frekuensi dan intensitas perjudian kasino online. Secara keseluruhan, frekuensi bertaruh pada permainan kasino online oleh petaruh olahraga online sebelum penguncian terkait COVID-19 menurun secara signifikan selama periode pandemi COVID-19. Namun, petaruh olahraga online yang lebih jarang (tetapi reguler) secara signifikan menurunkan jumlah uang yang dipertaruhkan pada permainan kasino online lebih dari petaruh olahraga online (biasa) yang lebih sering. Petaruh olahraga online yang sering bertaruh pada permainan kasino online tetap kurang lebih sama sebelum dan selama pandemi COVID-19.

Temuan ini menunjukkan bahwa spekulasi bahwa individu mungkin menghabiskan lebih banyak waktu dan uang untuk berjudi secara online sebagai akibat dari dikurung di rumah mereka untuk jangka waktu yang lama tampaknya tidak berdasar. Penurunan dalam perjudian secara keseluruhan mungkin disebabkan oleh sejumlah faktor termasuk individu yang memiliki lebih sedikit uang untuk berjudi karena potensi penghasilan pekerjaan mereka telah lebih rendah selama pandemi, individu yang tidak ingin berjudi di depan anggota keluarga mereka, atau individu yang menghabiskan lebih banyak waktu untuk berjudi. kegiatan lain seperti menghabiskan “waktu berkualitas” dengan keluarga mereka atau akhirnya memiliki waktu untuk melakukan pekerjaan yang lebih besar di sekitar rumah dan taman (misalnya, mendekorasi dan memperbaiki rumah dan taman). Studi ini adalah yang pertama menyelidiki secara empiris apakah taruhan meningkat atau menurun di antara para penjudi (dalam hal ini, petaruh olahraga secara khusus) selama periode ketika banyak orang tinggal di rumah selama penguncian terkait pandemi COVID-19.